Jewish Calendar
The Jewish calendar is a lunar calendar.
Jewish Year 5774 Holidays (2013 - 2014)
All Jewish holidays begin at sundown of the night before.
The date of Simchat Torah is showing the date of the holiday in Israel. Outside of Israel the holiday is celebrated on the following day.
The Jewish years are counted from creation.
In the list below, "BCE" stands for "Before Common Era" and "CE" refers to "Common Era" on the Gregorian (Civil) calendar.
Holiday Name Meaning of the Name Date in 2013/2014 Jewish Date What is it about
Rosh Hashanah Head of the year Thursday,
September 5-6, 2013
Tishrei 1-2 The Jewish New Year celebrates the beginning of ten days of repentance before Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur Day of atonement Saturday,
September 14
Tishrei 10
Sukkot Huts Thursday,
September 19
Tishrei 15 Commemorates the temporary settlements of Jewish people in the desert after the exodus from Egypt.
Simchat Torah Joy of Torah Thursday,
September 26
Tishrei 22 Marks the end of the Torah's annual reading.
Hanukkah Dedication Thursday,
November 28
Kislev 25 The Macabees victory over Antiochus the Greek king and the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem in the year 165 BCE (3597).
Tu Bishvat 15th of Shevat Saturday,
January 16, 2014
Shevat 15 The New Year for Trees.
Family Day 30th of Shevat Friday,
January 31,
Shevat 30 Mother's and father's day.
Purim Lots for lottery performed by Haman Sunday,
March 16
Adar Bet 14 Celebrates the cancellation of the decree against the Jewish people by Haman in ancient Persia in 425 BCE (3404).
Pesach Passed over Tuesday,
April 15
Nisan 15 Celebration of the Exodus of the Jewish people from ancient Egypt in 1313 BCE (2448).
Yom Ha'shoah Holocaust day Monday,
April 28
Nisan 28 (delayed) Memorial Day for the 6 million Jews killed by Nazi regime in Germany between 1933-1945.
Yom Ha'zikaron Remembrance day Monday,
May 5
Iyar 5 (delayed) Memorial for all the fallen soldiers of the Israeli army (more than 22,000) and victims of terrorism (more than 1,600).
Yom Ha'atzmaut Independence day Tuesday,
May 6
Iyar 6 (delayed) Celebrates the declaration of the state of Israel in 1948. Israel is 66 years old in 2014!
Lag Ba'omer 33rd day of the Omer Sunday,
May 18
Iyar 18 Commemorating a break in the mourning period for the 24,000 students of Rabbi Akiva who died, some by plague and some in the rebellion against the Roman Empire in 120 CE.
Yom Yerushalayim Jerusalem day Wednesday,
May 28
Iyar 28 Jerusalem celebrates the liberation and unification during the Six-Day War 1967.
Shavuot Weeks Wednesday,
June 4
Sivan 6 Bringing the first harvest to the Temple to remember the giving of the Torah and the Ten Commandments 7 weeks after the Exodus from Egypt at Mount Sinai in 1312 BCE (2449).
Tisha B'Av 9th of Av Tuesday,
August 5
Av 9 Fast to observe the destruction of the first temple by Babylonians in 586 BCE and second temple by the Romans in 70 CE (3830). Spain's Expulsion of Jews in 1492.
Tu B'Av -
Hag HaAhava
15th of Av Monday,
August 11
Av 15 In modern-day Israel, it is celebrated as a holiday of love.
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The Jewish Months
There is a discrepancy of 11 days between the lunar and the solar year, to align the different calendars, a lunar month is added every two or three years, for a total of 7 times per 19 years.
The Jewish calendar months are:
1. Tishrei (30 days, Sep - Oct)
2. Cheshvan (29 or 30 days, Oct - Nov)
3. Kislev (29 or 30 days, Nov - Dec)
4. Tevet (29 days, Dec - Jan)
5. Shevat (30 days, Jan - Feb)
(6a.) Adar 1 (30 days, Feb - Mar) In a leap year this additional month is added.
6b. Adar 2 (29 days Feb - Mar)
7. Nisan (30 days, Mar - Apr)
8. Iyar (29 days, Apr - May)
9. Sivan (30 days, May - Jun)
10. Tammuz (29 days, Jun - Jul)
11. Av (30 days, Jul - Aug)
12. Elul (29 days, Aug - Sep)
Days of the Week in Hebrew
The names for the days of the week are the ordinal numbers within the week, with the seventh day called Shabbat (in Hebrew: rest).
Yom Rishon - first day - Sunday
Yom Sheni - second day - Monday
Yom Shlishi - third day - Tuesday
Yom Revi'i - fourth day - Wednesday
Yom Hamishi - fifth day - Thursday
Yom Shishi - sixth day- Friday
Yom Shabbat - Saturday